ARTICLES & COMMENTARY:
INFO & EYE OPENERS FROM OTHERS:
This page is a continuation of the Rise of Church-State Alliances source page and contains addresses to information regarding church councils.
A HISTORY OF THE GENERAL COUNCILS: 325-1870 - by Philip Hughes (Comprehensive accounts)
MAJOR COUNCILS OF THE CHURCH: (INCLUDES LINKS TO MAJOR DOCUMENTS):
CHURCH FATHERS & COUNCILS
THE ECUMENICAL COUNCILS
The Church In Crisis: Councils
SYNOD Chronology in North Africa
CANONS ON WOMEN
SUMMARY: Canons on Women
GALLIC COUNCILS chronology
CANON LAW AND NAZI MEASURES
3RD CENT....DIDASCALIA APOSTOLORUM
257...SYNODS OF CARTHAGE
Canons of Carthage ', of the African Church:
Canon 84. Jews, heathen and heretics to be allowed into church up to the missa catechumenorum.
Canon 89. Judaising to be suppressed.
Canon 196. Jews and others not to give evidence.
306...SYNOD OF ELVIRA, SPAIN
In re: Jews, pagans, flamens
314...SYNOD OF ANCYRA
In re: backsliders during persecutions
314....SYNOD OF ARLES
"As for those who have caught their wives in the act of adultery it is a question of young Christian men and they are forbidden to remarry it has been decided that, as much as possible, they will be counseled not to take another wife as long as their spouses are alive, even though they are adulteresses".
315/320...SYNOD OF NEOCAESARIA
In re: backsliders etc.
318...SYNOD OF NICEA
320...SYNOD OF ALEXANDRIA (anti-Arianism)
325...COUNCIL OF NICEA http://www.ccel.org/fathers2/NPNF2-14/Npnf2-14-08.htm
Canons on women http://www.womenpriests.org/traditio/can_nic1.htm
Columbia.edu: The Council of Nicea http://www.columbia.edu/cu/augustine/arch/sbrandt/nicea.htm
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/11044a.htm
335...SYNOD OF TYRE
A Chronology of the Arian Controversy http://church-of-the-east.org/library/ARIANCHR.HTM
339...SYNOD OF ROME
341...SYNOD OF ANTIOCH http://www.ccel.org/fathers2/NPNF2-14/Npnf2-14-42.htm
343...SYNOD OF SARDICA
Canons http://www.ccel.org/fathers2/NPNF2-14/Npnf2-14-141.htm http://www.ccel.org/fathers/NPNF2-14/6sardica/sarecm.htm
345...SYNOD OF MILAN
351...SYNOD OF SIRMIUM (Rimini?)
355...SYNOD OF MILAN http://www.ccel.org/ccel/schaff/npnf202.ii.v.xxxvi.html
357...2ND SYNOD OF SIRMIUM Creed of...
357-419...SYNODS OF CARTHAGE http://www.synaxis.org/ecf/volume37/ECF37THE_CANONS_OF_THE_CCXVII_BLESSED.htm
358...SYNOD OF ANCYRA
358-or-360...SYNOD OF ANTIOCH (Ariminum?)
359...3RD SYNOD OF SIRMIUM
359...SYNOD OF SELEUCIA
360...SYNOD OF CONSTANTINOPLE
360..SYNOD OF ZELE
360?...SYNOD OF GANGRA
Synodal Letter http://www.ccel.org/fathers2/NPNF2-14/Npnf2-14-39.htm
Canons on women http://www.womenpriests.org/traditio/can_gang.htm
362...SYNOD OF ANTIOCH
362...SYNOD OF LAODICEA http://www.ccel.org/fathers2/NPNF2-14/Npnf2-14-45.htm
INTRODUCTION & CANONS http://www.synaxis.org/ecf/volume37/ECF37SYNOD_OF_LAODICEA_HISTORICAL_INT.htm
Canons on women http://www.womenpriests.org/traditio/can_lao.htm
Canon 38 on Jews: "It is not lawful to receive unleavened bread from the Jews, nor to be partakers of their impiety"
Canon 68 on Jews: http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/lat4-c68.html
362/365?...SYNOD OF ALEXANDRIA (Athanasius) http://www.hist.edu/362athIV.html
366...SYNOD OF TYANA
366...SYNOD OF CARIA
380...SYNOD OF SARAGOSSA
381...COUNCIL OF CONSTANTINOPLE http://www.ccel.org/fathers2/NPNF2-14/Npnf2-14-52.htm
Canon I: Heresies condemned http://www.ccel.org/fathers2/NPNF2-14/Npnf2-14-61.htm
Synodal Letter http://www.ccel.org/fathers2/NPNF2-14/Npnf2-14-63.htm
382...SYNOD OF MILAN
383...3RD SYNOD OF CONSTANTINOPLE
Bishop Nectarius http://www.worldhistory.com/wiki/N/Nectarius.htm
???...SYNOD OF ACQUILEIA
St. Ambrose of Milan, Letters http://www.tertullian.org/fathers/ambrose_letters_02_letters11_20.htm
394....SYNOD OF CONSTANTINOPLE http://www.ccel.org/fathers2/NPNF2-14/Npnf2-14-147.htm
394 or 396....SYNOD OF NIMES
397... 3RD SYNOD OF CARTHAGE
418-419...SYNOD OF CARTHAGE
Carthage Addresses Pelagianism: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/11604a.htm http://www.ccel.org/fathers2/NPNF2-14/Npnf2-14-144.htm
Canons on women http://www.womenpriests.org/traditio/can_cart.htm
430...SYNOD OF ALEXANDRIA (Cyril vs Nestorius)
Nestorian Theology http://www.nestorian.org/nestorian_theology.html
431...EC COUNCIL OF EPHESUS
Medieval Sourcebook: Council of Ephesus, 431 http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/basis/ephesus.html
Synodal Letter to Pope http://www.ccel.org/fathers2/NPNF2-14/Npnf2-14-85.htm
441...SYNOD OF ORANGE
Text of Orange http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/basis/orange.txt
Canons on women http://www.womenpriests.org/traditio/can_org.htm
451... COUNCIL OF CHALCEDON
A History of the General Councils - AD 325 through AD 1870: CHALCEDON (very thorough perspective) http://www.christusrex.org/www1/CDHN/coun5.html
Pope Leo's letter: http://www.dailycatholic.org/history/4ecumen1.htm
Canons on women http://www.womenpriests.org/traditio/can_chal.htm
Canon 14. Marriageable members of clergy not to wed Jew.
465...SYNOD OF VANNES
Canon 12. Clergy to avoid Jewish feasts.
506...SYNOD OF AGDE
Canon 12. Fasting in Lent on Saturdays.
Canon 34. Special conditions for Jewish catechumens.
Canon 40. Clergy and laity to avoid Jewish feasts.
517...SYNOD OF EPAON
Canon 15. Attendance at Jewish banquets prohibited.
Canons on women
Law 102. Punishment of Jewish assault on Christians.
524...SYNOD OF VALENCIA
Canon 16. Jews, heretics and pagans to be allowed in church up to the missa catechumenorum.
529....SYNOD OF ORANGE
533....2ND SYNOD OF ORLEANS
Canon 19. Intermarriage.
535....SYNOD OF CLAREMONT
....decreed that Jews could not hold public office or have authority over Christians.
Canon 6. No Intercourse between Christian and Jew.
Canon 9. No Jewish judges.
538......3rd SYNOD OF ORLEANS
Canon 13. Regulations for Christian servants of Jews; intermarriage; attending Jewish festivities.
Canon 28. Sunday not to be observed in Jewish fashion.
Canon 30. Jews not to mix with Christians between Holy Thursday and Easter. Jews to stay out of site during Passover & Easter
www.Jewishencyclopedia.com Title "ORLEANS"
533 the second Council of Orleans forbade marriages between Jews and Christians, under pain of excommunication of the latter
It forbade Christians to permit Jews to act as judges, and prohibited the Jews from appearing in public between Maundy Thursday and Easter Monday, also interdicting the clergy from eating with them.
541, that any Jew who should make a convert, or should induce one of his former coreligionists to return to Judaism, or who should appropriate a Christian slave, or should induce a Christian to embrace Judaism, should be punished by the loss of all his slaves; if, on the other hand, a Christian became a Jew, and gained his liberty on condition of adhering to the Jewish faith, that such terms should be invalid; for it would not be just for a Christian convert to Judaism to enjoy freedom.
538 THIRD COUNCIL OF ORLEANS (Gaul) Prohibited Jews from appearing in the streets during Easter because "their appearance is an insult to Christianity". Childbert (a Merovinian king) approved the measure so as not to offend Christians. Until the reign of Charlemagne (800), France (Gaul) consisted of small principalities ruled by petty kings. The decree of a king was not valid beyond the borders of his kingdom, so if Jews were banished from one kingdom it did not affect the Jews in another kingdom.
538: The 3rd and 4th (541)Councils of Orleans prohibited Jews from appearing in public during the Easter season. Canon 30 decreed that
"From the Thursday before Easter for four days, Jews may not appear in the company of Christians." 5
Marriages between Christians and Jews were prohibited. Christians were prohibited from converting to Judaism. 4
541..4th SYNOD OF ORLEANS
Canon 30. Christian slaves of Jews to be redeemed on request.
Canon 31. Conversion of servants to Judaism prohibited.
548-549....5TH SYNOD OF ORLEANS
Canons Concerning Freedmen, 549
Canon 22. Conditions to be observed when slaves take refuge in churches.
553...EC COUNCIL OF CONSTANTINOPLE
Medieval Sourcebook: Fifth Ecumenical Council: Constantinople (II)
Sentence of the Synod