HOME

ARTICLES & COMMENTARY:

TOC: The Rise of Church-State Alliances: Imperial Edicts & Church Councils between 306-565: Emperors Constantine through Justinian:

The Rise of Protestant Alliances of Church and State: Martin Luther and the German Reformation

The Rise of Protestant Alliances of Church and State: Ulrich Zwingli and the Swiss Reformation

The Constitution and the Commandments

The Classical Temple Architecture of Washington, DC

A History of Religious Tests: 312 to 1961

American Founders on Church-State Alliances

The Bible and the Quran: A Scriptural Comparison

Religion and Women's Suffrage

Religious Tradition and Interracial Marriages

The Slaves of Jefferson and Washington and the 1782 Virginia Law of Manumission

Slavery and the Churches

Gays & Social Conservatism as a Coercive Tool of the State

Einstein's Religion

The Changing Religious Identification of America

Moral Hypocrisy in the Bible Belt

Ring Species, Evolution and why Intelligent Design isn't science.

Who am I : Why this project? : Contact me

INFO & EYE OPENERS FROM OTHERS:

Court Holdings on Church and State

Historical Revisionism: On David Barton's Christian Nation

Biblical Archeology Review Special: Captivity, Exodus, and Conquest

Sexual Orientation in Nature

The Biological Basis of Morality by Edward O. Wilson

MEDUSA HEADWEAR

Buy High Quality PolarTech 200 Fleece Headwear From the Author

This page is a continuation of the Rise of Church-State Alliances source page and contains addresses to information regarding church councils.

A HISTORY OF THE GENERAL COUNCILS: 325-1870 - by Philip Hughes (Comprehensive accounts)

http://www.christusrex.org/www1/CDHN/coun0.html

MAJOR COUNCILS OF THE CHURCH: (INCLUDES LINKS TO MAJOR DOCUMENTS):

http://www.dailycatholic.org/history/councils.htm

FATHERS

http://www.ccel.org/fathers2/NPNF2-14/TOC.htm

CHURCH FATHERS & COUNCILS

http://www.newadvent.org/fathers/

APOSTOLIC CANONS

http://www.ccel.org/fathers2/NPNF2-14/Npnf2-14-178.htm

THE ECUMENICAL COUNCILS

http://www.abelard.org/councils/councils.htm

The Church In Crisis: Councils

http://www.freivald.org/~jake/theChurchInCrisis/

SYNOD Chronology in North Africa

http://www.orthodoxresearchinstitute.org/articles/church_history/makarios_zimbabwe_african_chronology.htm

CANONS ON WOMEN

http://www.womenpriests.org/traditio/overv_cl.htm

SUMMARY: Canons on Women

http://www.womenpriests.org/traditio/ord_gen.htm

GALLIC COUNCILS chronology

http://spectrum.troyst.edu/~ajones/concilia.htm

CANON LAW AND NAZI MEASURES

http://www.baruchhashemsynagogue.org/resources/canonlaw.html

3RD CENT....DIDASCALIA APOSTOLORUM

http://www.womenpriests.org/traditio/didasc.htm

257...SYNODS OF CARTHAGE

http://www.ccel.org/fathers2/NPNF2-14/Npnf2-14-146.htm

Canons of Carthage ', of the African Church:

Canon 84. Jews, heathen and heretics to be allowed into church up to the missa catechumenorum.

Canon 89. Judaising to be suppressed.

Canon 196. Jews and others not to give evidence.

306...SYNOD OF ELVIRA, SPAIN

In re: Jews, pagans, flamens

Canons

http://faculty.cua.edu/pennington/Canon%20Law/ElviraCanons.htm

314...SYNOD OF ANCYRA

In re: backsliders during persecutions

Canons

http://www.ccel.org/fathers2/NPNF2-14/Npnf2-14-33.htm

314....SYNOD OF ARLES

Canon 10:

"As for those who have caught their wives in the act of adultery —it is a question of young Christian men and they are forbidden to remarry — it has been decided that, as much as possible, they will be counseled not to take another wife as long as their spouses are alive, even though they are adulteresses".

315/320...SYNOD OF NEOCAESARIA

In re: backsliders etc.

http://www.ccel.org/fathers2/NPNF2-14/Npnf2-14-35.htm

318...SYNOD OF NICEA

Canons http://www.ccel.org/fathers2/NPNF2-14/Npnf2-14-13.htm

http://www.tertullian.org/decretum_eng.htm

http://faculty.cua.edu/pennington/Canon%20Law/Nicea/CanonsCouncilNiceae.htm

320...SYNOD OF ALEXANDRIA (anti-Arianism)

Arius http://www.earlychurch.org.uk/arianism.html

325...COUNCIL OF NICEA http://www.ccel.org/fathers2/NPNF2-14/Npnf2-14-08.htm

Canons on women http://www.womenpriests.org/traditio/can_nic1.htm

Columbia.edu: The Council of Nicea http://www.columbia.edu/cu/augustine/arch/sbrandt/nicea.htm

CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/11044a.htm

335...SYNOD OF TYRE

A Chronology of the Arian Controversy http://church-of-the-east.org/library/ARIANCHR.HTM

339...SYNOD OF ROME

341...SYNOD OF ANTIOCH http://www.ccel.org/fathers2/NPNF2-14/Npnf2-14-42.htm

343...SYNOD OF SARDICA

Canons http://www.ccel.org/fathers2/NPNF2-14/Npnf2-14-141.htm http://www.ccel.org/fathers/NPNF2-14/6sardica/sarecm.htm

http://www.ccel.org/fathers2/NPNF2-14/Npnf2-14-140.htm

345...SYNOD OF MILAN

351...SYNOD OF SIRMIUM (Rimini?)

355...SYNOD OF MILAN http://www.ccel.org/ccel/schaff/npnf202.ii.v.xxxvi.html

357...2ND SYNOD OF SIRMIUM Creed of...

357-419...SYNODS OF CARTHAGE http://www.synaxis.org/ecf/volume37/ECF37THE_CANONS_OF_THE_CCXVII_BLESSED.htm

358...SYNOD OF ANCYRA

358-or-360...SYNOD OF ANTIOCH (Ariminum?)

359...3RD SYNOD OF SIRMIUM

359...SYNOD OF SELEUCIA

360...SYNOD OF CONSTANTINOPLE

360..SYNOD OF ZELE

360?...SYNOD OF GANGRA

Intro http://www.ccel.org/fathers2/NPNF2-14/Npnf2-14-37.htm

Synodal Letter http://www.ccel.org/fathers2/NPNF2-14/Npnf2-14-39.htm

Canons on women http://www.womenpriests.org/traditio/can_gang.htm

362...SYNOD OF ANTIOCH

362...SYNOD OF LAODICEA http://www.ccel.org/fathers2/NPNF2-14/Npnf2-14-45.htm

INTRODUCTION & CANONS http://www.synaxis.org/ecf/volume37/ECF37SYNOD_OF_LAODICEA_HISTORICAL_INT.htm

Canons on women http://www.womenpriests.org/traditio/can_lao.htm

Canon 38 on Jews: "It is not lawful to receive unleavened bread from the Jews, nor to be partakers of their impiety"

Canon 68 on Jews: http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/lat4-c68.html

362/365?...SYNOD OF ALEXANDRIA (Athanasius) http://www.hist.edu/362athIV.html

366...SYNOD OF TYANA

366...SYNOD OF CARIA

380...SYNOD OF SARAGOSSA

381...COUNCIL OF CONSTANTINOPLE http://www.ccel.org/fathers2/NPNF2-14/Npnf2-14-52.htm

Canon I: Heresies condemned http://www.ccel.org/fathers2/NPNF2-14/Npnf2-14-61.htm

Synodal Letter http://www.ccel.org/fathers2/NPNF2-14/Npnf2-14-63.htm

http://www.apostle1.com/ancientcanons02.htm

382...SYNOD OF MILAN

383...3RD SYNOD OF CONSTANTINOPLE

Bishop Nectarius http://www.worldhistory.com/wiki/N/Nectarius.htm

???...SYNOD OF ACQUILEIA

St. Ambrose of Milan, Letters http://www.tertullian.org/fathers/ambrose_letters_02_letters11_20.htm

394....SYNOD OF CONSTANTINOPLE http://www.ccel.org/fathers2/NPNF2-14/Npnf2-14-147.htm

394 or 396....SYNOD OF NIMES

397... 3RD SYNOD OF CARTHAGE

http://www.ntcanon.org/Carthage.canon.shtml

418-419...SYNOD OF CARTHAGE

Carthage Addresses Pelagianism: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/11604a.htm http://www.ccel.org/fathers2/NPNF2-14/Npnf2-14-144.htm

Canons on women http://www.womenpriests.org/traditio/can_cart.htm

430...SYNOD OF ALEXANDRIA (Cyril vs Nestorius)

Nestorian Theology http://www.nestorian.org/nestorian_theology.html

431...EC COUNCIL OF EPHESUS

Medieval Sourcebook: Council of Ephesus, 431 http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/basis/ephesus.html

CCEL http://www.ccel.org/fathers2/NPNF2-14/Npnf2-14-64.htm

Synodal Letter to Pope http://www.ccel.org/fathers2/NPNF2-14/Npnf2-14-85.htm

http://www.apostle1.com/ancientcanons03.htm

441...SYNOD OF ORANGE

Text of Orange http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/basis/orange.txt

Canons on women http://www.womenpriests.org/traditio/can_org.htm

451... COUNCIL OF CHALCEDON

A History of the General Councils - AD 325 through AD 1870: CHALCEDON (very thorough perspective) http://www.christusrex.org/www1/CDHN/coun5.html

Pope Leo's letter: http://www.dailycatholic.org/history/4ecumen1.htm

Canons http://www.dailycatholic.org/history/4ecumen2.htm

http://www.ccel.org/fathers2/NPNF2-14/Npnf2-14-88.htm

Canons http://www.ccel.org/fathers2/NPNF2-14/Npnf2-14-105.htm

http://www.apostle1.com/ancientcanons04.htm

Canons on women http://www.womenpriests.org/traditio/can_chal.htm

Canon 14. Marriageable members of clergy not to wed Jew.

465...SYNOD OF VANNES

Canon 12. Clergy to avoid Jewish feasts.

506...SYNOD OF AGDE

Canon 12. Fasting in Lent on Saturdays.

Canon 34. Special conditions for Jewish catechumens.

Canon 40. Clergy and laity to avoid Jewish feasts.

517...SYNOD OF EPAON

Canon 15. Attendance at Jewish banquets prohibited.

Canons on women

http://www.womenpriests.org/traditio/can_epa.htm

?Gondebaud?

Law 102. Punishment of Jewish assault on Christians.

524...SYNOD OF VALENCIA

Canon 16. Jews, heretics and pagans to be allowed in church up to the missa catechumenorum.

529....SYNOD OF ORANGE

Canons http://www.reformed.org/documents/canons_of_orange.html

533....2ND SYNOD OF ORLEANS

Canon 19. Intermarriage.

535....SYNOD OF CLAREMONT

....decreed that Jews could not hold public office or have authority over Christians.

Canon 6. No Intercourse between Christian and Jew.

Canon 9. No Jewish judges.

538......3rd SYNOD OF ORLEANS

Canon 13. Regulations for Christian servants of Jews; intermarriage; attending Jewish festivities.

Canon 28. Sunday not to be observed in Jewish fashion.

Canon 30. Jews not to mix with Christians between Holy Thursday and Easter. Jews to stay out of site during Passover & Easter

www.Jewishencyclopedia.com Title "ORLEANS"

533 the second Council of Orleans forbade marriages between Jews and Christians, under pain of excommunication of the latter

It forbade Christians to permit Jews to act as judges, and prohibited the Jews from appearing in public between Maundy Thursday and Easter Monday, also interdicting the clergy from eating with them.

541, that any Jew who should make a convert, or should induce one of his former coreligionists to return to Judaism, or who should appropriate a Christian slave, or should induce a Christian to embrace Judaism, should be punished by the loss of all his slaves; if, on the other hand, a Christian became a Jew, and gained his liberty on condition of adhering to the Jewish faith, that such terms should be invalid; for it would not be just for a Christian convert to Judaism to enjoy freedom.

538 THIRD COUNCIL OF ORLEANS (Gaul) Prohibited Jews from appearing in the streets during Easter because "their appearance is an insult to Christianity". Childbert (a Merovinian king) approved the measure so as not to offend Christians. Until the reign of Charlemagne (800), France (Gaul) consisted of small principalities ruled by petty kings. The decree of a king was not valid beyond the borders of his kingdom, so if Jews were banished from one kingdom it did not affect the Jews in another kingdom.

538: The 3rd and 4th (541)Councils of Orleans prohibited Jews from appearing in public during the Easter season. Canon 30 decreed that

"From the Thursday before Easter for four days, Jews may not appear in the company of Christians." 5

Marriages between Christians and Jews were prohibited. Christians were prohibited from converting to Judaism. 4

541..4th SYNOD OF ORLEANS

Canon 30. Christian slaves of Jews to be redeemed on request.

Canon 31. Conversion of servants to Judaism prohibited.

548-549....5TH SYNOD OF ORLEANS

Canon Summary

http://spectrum.troyst.edu/~ajones/orleans5.htm

Canons Concerning Freedmen, 549

http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/549Orleans.html

Canon 22. Conditions to be observed when slaves take refuge in churches.

553...EC COUNCIL OF CONSTANTINOPLE

Medieval Sourcebook: Fifth Ecumenical Council: Constantinople (II)

http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/basis/const2.html

http://www.piar.hu/councils/ecum05.htm

http://www.ccel.org/fathers2/NPNF2-14/Npnf2-14-108.htm

Sentence of the Synod

http://www.ccel.org/fathers2/NPNF2-14/Npnf2-14-113.htm

http://www.apostle1.com/ancientcanons05-06.htm